Estrie (05) Region - Socioeconomic Profile

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About this publication

Publication author : Canada Economic Development for Quebec Regions

Publish date : November 15, 2010

Estrie profile

Estrie regional map

Region and Population

  • In 2009, the Estrie was divided into 7 RCMs and comprised 89 municipalities and no territories.
  • The Estrie covered 0.8% of the area of the Province of Quebec in 2009 (10,194.6 km2).
  • With a population of 307,389 in 2009, the Estrie accounted for 3.9% of Quebec’s population.
  • The ISQ forecasts sustained population growth (11.4%) in the Estrie between 2006 and 2031 (+15.8% in Quebec) and aging of the population owing to
    • Natural decrease (deaths > births starting in 2024);
    • Positive inter-regional net migration, marked, however, by the exodus of young people and the arrival of retirees.
       
  • The ISQ predicts a 10.4-percentage-point decrease between 2006 and 2031, in persons of working age (20-64 years), from 62.2% to 51.8%, which is lower than the Quebec percentage (-9.3 percentage points, from 63.4% to 54.1%).
Distribution of Estrie’s population by age (2006 and projection for 2031): 0-19: 22.9% in 2006 (19.2% for 2031), 20-64: 62.2% in 2006 (51.8% for 2031), 65 and over: 14.8% in 2006 (29.0% for 2031)
Distribution of the Estrie’s population by age
Source: Institut de la statistique du Québec (ISQ).
Estrie’s inter-regional net migration by age (2004-2009): 0-14: -191 residents, 15-29: -1223 residents, 30-44: -146 residents, 45-64: +2402 residents, 65 and over: +145 residents, Total: +988 residents
The Estrie’s inter-regional net migration by age (2004-2009)
Source: Institut de la statistique du Québec (ISQ).

Labour Market

  • In 2009, there were 153,200 people with jobs in the Estrie, a 3.0% increase over 2008, and the region accounted for 4.0% of people with jobs in Quebec (3,844,200 jobs).
  • In 2009, the Estrie recorded an unemployment rate that was 1.0 percentage point lower than the Quebec average (7.5% vs. 8.5%).
  • The Estrie’s employment and labour participation rates in 2009, 60.4% and 65.3% respectively, remained slightly higher than Quebec rates (59.7% and 65.2%).
  • The ISQ anticipates increased labour scarcity in the Estrie, forecasting that the labour replacement index will drop from 102% to 73% between 2006 and 2021 and then rise to 88% by 2031.

Economic Activities

  • In 2008, the gross domestic product (GDP) at basic prices (in current $) was $9,172.3 M in the Estrie region, accounting for 3.2% of Quebec’s GDP ($283,217 M).
  • GDP per job, an approximation of labour productivity, was $67,749 in 2006 in the Estrie, compared with $77,678 for all of Quebec. The Estrie’s productivity would therefore be lower than Quebec’s.
  • The key sectors in the Estrie are:
    • Plastic and rubber
    • Micro / Nanotechnology for advanced electronics
    • Forest products and secondary transformation
    • Transportation equipment
    • Security
    • Tourism
  • The primary sector accounted for 4.6% of the workforce in the Mauricie in 2006 (compared with 2.6% in Quebec), the construction sector for 3.2% (2.9%), the manufacturing sector for 21.7% (15.4%), and the tertiary sector for 70.6% (79.0%).
Industries based on jobs for Estrie and Quebec

Industries

Estrie

Quebec

thousands

percentage

percentage

Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census.

Manufacturing

28.1

21.7

15.4

Health care and social assistance

17.8

13.7

12.2

Retail trade

15.3

11.8

12.8

Education

11.8

9.1

7.3

Accommodation and food services

8.3

6.4

6.5

Other services

7.5

5.8

5.0

Prof., scient, and tech, services

5.5

4.2

6.5

Agriculture, forestry and fishing

5.4

4.2

2.2

Public administration

5.3

4.1

6.3

Construction

4.1

3.2

2.9

Finance and insurance

4.0

3.1

4.3

Transportation and warehousing

3.7

2.9

4.0

Wholesale trade

3.6

2.8

4.5

Admin., support and waste mgt services

2.6

2.0

2.8

Information and culture

2.3

1.7

2.6

Arts, entertainment and recreation

1.9

1.5

1.8

Real estate and rental

1.6

1.2

1.5

Mining

0.5

0.4

0.4

Utilities

0.4

0.3

0.9

Company management

0.1

0.1

0.1

Total - Industries

129.8

100

100

Manufacturing industry based on jobs for Estrie and Quebec

Manufacturing Industry

 Estrie

Quebec

Jobs

percentage

percentage

Source: Statistics Canada, Business Register (June 2009), compiled by CED.

Wood products

4,199

14.9

8.8

Plastic and rubber products

4,101

14.5

6.5

Machinery

3,189

11.3

6.9

Furniture and related products

2,624

9.3

6.7

Paper

2,106

7.5

6.0

Metal products

1,915

6.8

10.2

Clothing, leather and allied products

1,822

6.4

5.1

Miscellaneous manufacturing

1,750

6.2

4.3

Transportation equipment

1,236

4.4

6.0

Non-metallic mineral products

1,096

3.9

2.9

Textile product mills and textile products

1,089

3.9

2.3

Food, beverage and tobacco products

1,018

3.6

13.4

Primary metals

691

2.4

4.7

Chemicals

444

1.6

4.2

Computer and electronic products

413

1.5

3.8

Printing and related support activities

395

1.4

4.7

Electrical equip., appliances & components

90

0.3

2.8

Petroleum and coal products

72

0.3

0.8

Total – Manufacturing industry

28,250

100.0

100.0

  • In 2009, tourism in the Estrie generated 4,400 jobs and 2,002 businesses were involved in the tourism sector.
    • The Estrie was visited by 2,366,000 tourists, who spent a total of $350 M in the region (2008).
    • Although only 8.3% of tourists came from outside Quebec, they accounted for 17.7% of total spending (2008).

Businesses

Distribution of businesses by size (2009): Estrie: Micro: 50.1% (Québec: 50.3%), Small: 36.7% (Québec: 36.1%), Medium: 12.5% (Québec: 12.8%), Large and very large: 0.6% (Québec: 0.8%)
Distribution of businesses by size (2009)
Micro = 1-4 employees, Small = 5-19 employees, Medium = 20-199 employees, Large and very large = 200 employees or more
Source: Statistics Canada, Business Register (June 2009).
  • The main non-governmental employers (500+ employees) are:
    • Bombardier (transportation equipment manufacturing)
    • Domtar (paper production)
    • Nordia (call centre)
    • Waterville TG (rubber products manufacturing)
  • In terms of entrepreneurship, the Estrie had 38.9 SMEs per 1,000 residents in 2009, ranking 8th out of 16 regions in Quebec (average of 37.6 SMEs per 1,000 residents in Quebec).

Exports

In 2007, the Estrie had 454 exporting establishments and the value of exports was 2,836.5 M, accounting for 4.0% of Quebec exports.

  • Though 92.1% of the Estrie’s exporting establishments were SMEs, they accounted for only 55.7% of Quebec exports (2007).
  • The United States was the main destination for exports from the Estrie (85.1% of the total value), followed by the European Union (6.8%), South America (1.1%), Mexico (0.7%) and Japan (0.4%) (2007).

Investment, research and innovation

  • Public investment increased by 14.9% in 2009 to $437.2 M, accounting for 23.2% of total capital expenditures in the Estrie ($1,881.4 M). The region’s public investment comprised 2.2% of Quebec public investment in 2009. Over the period of 2004 to 2009, public investment grew at an average annual rate of 7.1% in the Estrie compared to 12.4% in Quebec.
  • Private investment dropped by 5.0% in 2009 to $1,444.1 M, accounting for 76.8% of all capital expenditures in the Estrie ($1,881.4 M). The region’s private investment accounted for 3.6% of Quebec’s private investment in 2009. Over the period of 2004 to 2009, private investment grew at an average annual rate of 2.8% in the Estrie, compared with 0.9% in Quebec.
Highest level of educational attainment, 25-64 (2006), Estrie: 0-8 or partial secondary: 19.7% (Québec: 17.1%), Secondary completed: 21.0% (Québec 21.1%), Postsecondary certificate, diploma: 37.3% (Québec: 35.6%), University education: 22.0% (Québec: 26.2%)
Highest level of educational attainment, 25-64 years (2006)
* Diplomas or certificates from trade schools, nursing schools, community colleges, CEGEPs, university certificate below bachelor’s level, etc.
Source: Statistics Canada, 2006 Census.
Innovation indicators for Estrie, Quebec and its administrative rank at the provincial level.
    Indicators (by year)

Estrie

Quebec

Rank

* Data are ranked out of 16 rather than 17 administrative regions in Quebec; Côte-Nord and Nord-du-Québec are counted together.
Sources: Statistics Canada and Institut de la Statistique du Québec (ISQ).

Number of institutions actively engaged in R&D*

1999

174

4,162

7th

2004

228

5,673

7th

R&D internal expenses by firms per capita *

1999

134

416

7th

2004

237

571

7th

Firm investments in machinery equipment and material per capita

2001

2,677

2,405

4th

2005

2,180

2,484

10th

Examples of research, expertise, training and technology transfer centres in Estrie:

  • Sherbrooke innopole (key sectors: life sciences; clean technologies and sustainable development; micro-nanotechnologies; information and communications technologies and advanced manufacturing)
  • Parc scientifique de Sherbrooke (biomedical)
  • Centres collégiaux de transfert de technologie (CCTT): Centre de productique intégrée du Québec
  • Numerous chairs, laboratories and working groups at the Université de Sherbrooke and Bishop’s University

Economic Well-Being

  • In 2008, the per capita GDP in the Estrie was $30,103, that is, $6,439, or 17.6%, below the Quebec average ($36,542).
  • Personal disposable income per capita for the Estrie was $23,191 in 2008, that is, $2,313, or 9.1%, below the Quebec average ($25,504/resident). The Estrie ranked 13th out of the 17 regions.
  • In 2008, per capita government transfers to the Estrie region ($5,684/resident) were slightly higher than the Quebec average ($5,523/resident).
  • The percentage of the population in a situation of low income after tax in Estrie (14.9%) was close to the average for the province as a whole (15.2%)

The socioeconomic profiles of the administrative regions have been prepared by the Research and Analysis Branch based on data available as of August 15, 2010.